Singulair Cysteinyl Leukotrienes, Inverse Agonist, Partial Agonists, Benzyl Alcohol, Immunology Division
I was reading some research from the 90's where one researcher called montelukast an inverse agonist. So then, I looked for any thing more current on that subject. It would seem that genetic variation is again involved. ... more »
I was reading some research from the 90's where one researcher called montelukast an inverse agonist. So then, I looked for any thing more current on that subject. It would seem that genetic variation is again involved.
1: J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004 Apr;309(1):102-8. Epub 2004 Jan 12. Links
Inverse agonist activity of selected ligands of the cysteinyl-leukotriene receptor 1.Dupré DJ, Le Gouill C, Gingras D, Rola-Pleszczynski M, Stanková J.
Immunology Division, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, J1H 5N4 Canada.
Cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) are associated with several inflammatory processes, including asthma. Due to this association, considerable effort has been invested in the development of antagonists to the CysLT receptors (CysLT(1)R). Many of these molecules have been shown to specifically interact with CysLT(1)R, but little is known about their impact on the conformation of the receptor and its activity. We were especially interested in possible inverse agonist activity of the antagonists. Using a constitutively active mutant (N106A) of the human CysLT(1)R and the wild-type (WT) receptor coexpressed with the G(alphaq) subunit of the trimeric G protein, we were able to address this issue with ligands commonly used in therapy. We demonstrated that some of these molecules are inverse agonists, whereas others act as partial agonists. In cells expressing the CysLT(1)R mutant N106A exposed to Montelukast, Zafirlukast, or 3-[[3-[2-(7-chloroquinolin-2-yl)vinyl]phenyl]-(2-dimethylcarbamoylethylsulfanyl)methylsulfanyl] propionic acid (MK571), the basal inositol phosphate production was reduced by 53 +/- 6, 44 +/- 3, and 54 +/- 4%, respectively. On the other hand, 6(R)-(4-carboxyphenylthio)-5(S)-hydroxy-7(E),9(E),11(Z),14(Z)-eicosatetraenoic acid (BayU9773) and 1-[2-hydroxy-3-propyl-4-[4-(1H-tetrazole-5-YL)-butoxy]-phenyl ethanone] (LY171883) acted as partial agonists and alpha-pentyl-3-[2-quinolinylmethoxy] benzyl alcohol (REV 5901) as a neutral antagonist. However, in cells expressing CysLT(1)R and G(alphaq), all antagonists used had inverse agonist activity. The decrease in basal inositol phosphate production by ligands with inverse agonist activity could be inhibited by a more neutral antagonist, confirming the specificity of the reaction. We demonstrate here that Montelukast, MK571, and Zafirlukast can act as inverse agonists on the human CysLT(1) receptor.
PMID: 14718577 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]